国际残疾人体育组织特征分析
Analysis on Characteristics of International Sports Organizations for the Disabled
投稿时间:2019-06-08  
DOI:
中文关键词:国际残疾人体育组织  功能定位  价值实现  组织结构  社会融合
英文关键词:sports organization for the disabled  function  value realization  organizational structure  social inclusion
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(13CTY029)
作者单位E-mail
刘 洋 杭州师范大学 体育与健康学院 davidliu@hznu.edu.cn 
曾 泽 复旦大学 zengze@fudan.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      以国际残疾人奥林匹克委员会、特殊奥林匹克国际、国际聋人体育委员会为调查对象,从组织功能定位、价值实现方式和内部组织结构进行分析,旨在对国际残疾人体育组织引导下的相关残疾人体育发展方向和特征进行把握和思考。研究结果发现:国际重要的残疾人体育组织都非常强调其体育的本质属性;重视通过各种活动和开发多种项目,促进残疾人与健全人的交流和融合,以体育项目为载体,结合多种文化教育活动提高健全世界对于残疾人的接纳程度;内部组织结构以会员制的全体大会和非会员制的董事会为最高权力机构,以秘书处或办公室实行具体的实践工作;在大力推进政府职能的转变的背景下,我国的残疾人体育组织应该紧随世界组织的价值更新,优化组织结构,在保持体育属性的基础上,推进残健融合,促进我国残疾人体育事业的发展。
英文摘要:
      Based on the investigation of the International Paralympic committee, the Special Olympics International, and the International Deaf Sports Committee, the study analyzed the function orientation, value realization approach and the internal organizational structure of the organizations so as to examine the development trends and characteristics of the sports for the disabled led by respective sports organizations for people with disabilities. The results show that the international major sports organizations for the disabled attach great importance to the nature of sports; they emphasize promoting the exchange and integration of the disabled and the healthy people through various activities and projects, and improving the acceptance of the disabled around the world by using sports as a bridge and combining multi-cultural education activities. In terms of the internal organizational structure, the member convention and the board of directors act as the supreme governing body, with the secretariat or office carrying out specific practical work. In the context of vigorously promoting the transformation of government functions, sports organizations for the disabled in China should follow and update the value of the international sports organizations for the disabled, optimize the organizational structure, promote the integration of the disabled and healthy people while maintaining the sports nature, and facilitate the development of sports for the disabled in China.
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