运动员腘绳肌损伤后重返赛场评估标准研究
Evaluation Criteria for Athletes to Return to Play after Hamstring Injury
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20200305
中文关键词:运动员  腘绳肌损伤  重返赛场
英文关键词:athlete  hamstring injury  return to play
基金项目:国家体育总局运动处方库建设应用体系二期项目
作者单位
贺 忱 国家体育总局 运动医学研究所北京 100061 
高 奉 国家体育总局 运动医学研究所北京 100061 
钱 驿 国家体育总局 运动医学研究所北京 100061 
果 森 国家体育总局 运动医学研究所北京 100061 
周敬滨 国家体育总局 运动医学研究所北京 100061解放军医学院北京 100853 
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中文摘要:
      腘绳肌损伤是运动员最常见的损伤之一,损伤后极易复发并影响运动表现。运动员团队最关心的问题是能否尽早恢复训练和重返赛场,尽可能减少停训反应,但是盲目地早期运动,不仅加重症状,再次损伤的风险也会升高。本文归纳总结了近年来最新研究成果,建议做好临床、运动功能、心理三方面的评估,达到以下标准方可重返赛场:损伤部位无痛,患肢柔韧性和关节活动范围恢复伤前水平,无疼痛恐惧感,力量达到伤前90%水平;加减速、冲刺、变向、耐力、灵敏度、有氧和无氧等运动专项能力达到伤前90%水平;心理评估分值达到75分以上,恢复重返赛场的信心。
英文摘要:
      Hamstring injury is one of the most common injuries in athletes. It trends to recur and affect sports performance after injury. The most concerned problem of athletes' team is whether they can return to play as soon as possible, and minimize the time loss. However, early exercise will not only exacerbate symptoms, but also increase the risk of re-injury. We have summarized the research of hamstring injury in recent years. It is suggested that clinical, sports performance and psychological evaluation should be done well before returning to play. For readiness assessment of the athletes after hamstring injury, emphasis is placed on pain and fear relief ,flexibility and range of motion recovering to level before injury, strength and sports special ability at 90% before injury, psychological evaluation score more than 75 points.
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