身体活动的干预策略研究综述
A Review of Researches on Intervention Strategies of Physical Activity
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20200313
中文关键词:身体活动  行为改变  健康促进  干预
英文关键词:physical activity  behavior change  health promotion  intervention
基金项目:国家体育总局运动处方库建设应用体系二期项目
作者单位
邱宣凯 苏州大学 体育学院江苏 苏州 215000 
王杰龙 苏州大学 体育学院江苏 苏州 215000 
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中文摘要:
      身体活动水平是影响公共健康的重要因素,而提高人们身体活动水平的本质在于干预个体及群体的行为。因此,提高个体或群体身体活动水平有必要对身体活动的干预机制进行研究。本文综述了几种经典理论,分析其在国内外发展情况、在促进身体活动方面的应用情况、存在的不足之处以及未来可能的发展方向。最终综合各项理论,建立了指导、干预个体或群体身体活动的理论框架,为体育工作者、健康相关从业者、政策制定者等提供参考依据。
英文摘要:
      Physical activity level is an important factor influencing public health. The key to improving people's physical activity level is to intervene in the behavior of individuals and groups. Therefore, it is necessary to study the intervention mechanism of physical activity in order to improve the individual or group physical activity level. This paper firstly reviews several classical theories, and analyzes their development at home and abroad, their application in promoting physical activity, their shortcomings and the possible research directions in the future. And then, a theoretical framework for the guidance and intervention of individual or group physical activities is established by integrating various theories, so as to provide references for sports workers, health-related practitioners and policy makers.
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