中日体育法对比研究——基于法律文本的政策工具量化分析
A Comparative Study on Sports Laws of China and Japan: A Quantitative Analysis of Policy Tools Based on Legal Texts
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20200404
中文关键词:政策工具  《中华人民共和国体育法》  《体育基本法》  内容分析法
英文关键词:policy tool  Law of the People's Republic of China on Physical Culture and Sports  Basic Act on Sport  content analysis
基金项目:
作者单位
冯俊翔 大连理工大学 体育与健康学院辽宁 大连 116024 。 
曹 玲 大连理工大学 体育与健康学院辽宁 大连 116024 。 
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中文摘要:
      日本依法治体的经验值得我国参考与借鉴。基于Rothwell和Zegveld的政策工具分类思想,本研究立足体育强国建设需求,构建政策工具二维分析框架,对《中华人民共和国体育法》与日本《体育基本法》进行对比研究。发现:日本《体育基本法》在政策工具的结构配置、功能协同、需求支持、配套体系等方面具有一定优势,《中华人民共和国体育法》在完善过程中,可借鉴日本《体育基本法》的优势。建议:进一步调整政策工具结构,发挥政策工具协同作用;统筹政策工具合理配置,契合体育强国建设需求;弥补政策工具缺位,完善法律体系;加强政策工具配合机制,提升政策可操作性。
英文摘要:
      Japan's experience of rule by law in sports renders a good reference to China. Based on the classification of policy tools proposed by Rothwell and Zegveld, this paper constructs a two-dimensional analysis framework of policy tools in light of sports power construction demands, and makes a comparative study on the Law of the People's Republic of China on Physical Culture and Sports and the Basic Act on Sport in Japan. It is revealed that the policy tools of the Basic Act on Sport have advantages in the structure allocation, function coordination, demand support and supporting system, which can be used as a reference in the process of improving the Law of the People's Republic of China on Physical Culture and Sports. Therefore some suggestions are made as follows: adjusting the structure of policy tools, giving full play to the synergy of policy tools; coordinating the rational allocation of policy tools, meeting the needs of building a sports power; making up for the gap of policy tools, improving the legal system; strengthening the mechanism of policy tool cooperation, and improving the operability of policies.
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