仪式、本位、异化:近代中国学校运动会的历史演变与价值观变迁
Ritual, Standard, Deviation: Historical Evolution and Value Changes of School Sports Meet in Modern China
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20200608
中文关键词:近代中国  教育  学校体育  运动会
英文关键词:Modern China  education  school physical education  sports meet
基金项目:江苏省社会科学基金青年项目(19TYC005);南京体育学院教改课题(JG201809);南京体育学院国家级培育项目(PY201907)
作者单位
周亚婷 南京体育学院 体育教育与人文学院,江苏 南京 210014 
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中文摘要:
      运用文献资料和逻辑分析等方法,结合不同时代背景,对中国近代学校运动会的历史演变进行分析与讨论。结果认为:近代中国学校运动会经历了从仪式到本位、再到异化的历史演变过程;伴随这一过程,国人对学校运动会的功能理解,也经历了从泛化到专门化再到单一化的心路历程。根据以上历史的梳理,总结出对当代学校运动会的启示:第一,不断挖掘运动会的文化内涵,将其视为学校教育的重要组成部分;第二,以学校运动会为平台,推动校园精神文化建设;第三,拓宽学校运动会的内容与形式,加强家庭、学校、社会之间的联动。
英文摘要:
      This paper analyzes and discusses the historical evolution of school sports meet in modern China under different historical backgrounds by using the methods of literature review and logical analysis. The results show that the modern Chinese school sports meet has experienced the historical evolution from ritual to standard and then to deviation. Along with this process, Chinese people's understanding of the school sports meet function has also shifted from generalization to specialization and then to simplification. Based on the above analysis, this paper summarizes the implications of the history for the contemporary school sports meet: first, constantly explore the cultural connotation of the sports meet and regard it as an important part of school education ; Second, use school sports meet as a platform to promote campus spiritual and cultural construction ; Third, diversify the contents and forms of school sports meet and strengthen the connection among family, school, society.
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