身体活动客观测量方法的比较与选择
Choose and Comparison of Measurements on Physical Activity Comparison and Selection of Objective Measurements on Physical Activity
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20210110
中文关键词:身体活动  能耗  测量  比较
英文关键词:physical activity  energy expenditure  measurement  comparison
基金项目:上海市哲学社会科学规划教育学一般项目(A1904);国家社科基金青年项目(20CTY007);安徽高校人文社科重点研究项目(WXSK202053)。
作者单位
孙建刚 皖西学院 体育教育学院,安徽 六安 237012 上海体育学院 体育教育训练学院,上海 200438 
刘阳 上海体育学院 体育教育训练学院,上海 200438 上海市学生体质健康研究中心,上海 200438 
任波 上海体育学院 经济管理学院,上海 200438 。 
李博 上海体育学院 体育教育训练学院,上海 200438 
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中文摘要:
      客观高效地测量身体活动是全球医学、公共卫生学、教育学和体育学领域面临的共同议题。身体活动客观测量法种类繁多、各具特色,给研究者的选择和使用造成了一定的困难。本文回顾与总结了国内外关于身体活动测量的相关研究,对其使用的测量方法的工作原理与适用情形等方面进行了总结与述评,为身体活动测量方法的选用提供理论参考,也为测量方法的未来发展提供建议。各类测量方法均存在局限性,选用时应根据研究目的和研究内容综合考虑;研究者理解测量原理对工具的选择和合理使用有较大帮助。多方法联合测量将会是今后身体活动研究的主流选择。
英文摘要:
      How to measure physical activity Objectively and efficiently is a common issue in the fields of medicine, public health, education and physical education all over the world. The varieties and distinctiveness of physical activity measurement methods make it difficult for researchers to choose and use. This article reviews the relevant researches on physical activity measurement at home and abroad, and summarizes the working principles and application situations of the measurement methods used. It provides a theoretical reference for the selection of physical activity measurement methods, and also provides suggestions for the future development of measurement methods. It concludes that all kinds of measurement methods have limitations; therefore, the selection of measurements should be based on the research purpose and content. The researcher's understanding of the measurement principle is of great help to the selection and rational use of different tools. Multi-method joint measurement will be the mainstream choice for physical activity research in the future.
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