高强度间歇训练和持续有氧训练对健康及肥胖青少年身体成分与心肺适能影响的Meta分析
Effects of High-intensity Interval Training and Continuous Aerobic Training on Body Composition and Cardiorespiratory Fitness of Healthy and Obese Adolescents: A Meta Analysis
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20210111
中文关键词:高强度间歇训练  持续有氧训练  身体成分  心肺适能  青少年  肥胖
英文关键词:high-intensity interval training  continuous aerobic training  body composition  cardiopulmonary fitness  adolescents  obesity
基金项目:
作者单位
周海旭 吉林体育学院,吉林 长春 130022 。 
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中文摘要:
      运用Meta分析方法系统评价高强度间歇训练(HIIT)和持续有氧训练(CAT)对青少年的身体成分与心肺适能的不同影响效果,为设计青少年锻炼方案提供有效参考依据。共纳入14篇符合纳入标准的文献,以PRISMA声明的标准对14篇文献进行偏倚风险质量评价。结果:(1)HIIT与CAT对青少年体重和BMI的干预效果在统计学上无显著性差异,对体脂率的干预效果存在显著性差异;(2)HIIT与CAT对青少年最大摄氧量(VO2max)、峰值摄氧量(VO2peak)、收缩压(SBP)和舒张压(DBP)的干预效果在统计学上无显著性差异,但HIIT对青少年VO2max、VO2peak和DBP总体效应量优于CAT,CAT对青少年SBP的总效应量优于HIIT;(3)其中将青少年分为健康和肥胖两个亚组,健康青少年亚组中,CAT对体重、体脂率、BMI和SBP等指标的干预效果优于HIIT,HIIT对VO2max和DBP的干预效果优于CAT;肥胖青少年亚组中,HIIT对体重、体脂率、BMI、VO2max和DBP等指标的干预效果优于CAT,HIIT与CAT对健康青少年SBP的干预效果类似。
英文摘要:
      Meta-analysis was used to systematically evaluate the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and continuous aerobic training (CAT) on adolescents' body composition and cardiopulmonary fitness in order to provide effective reference for designing adolescent exercise program. A total of 14 articles meeting the research criteria were included, and the risk of bias assessment was performed for the 14 articles according to the criteria stated by PRISMA. The results were as follows: (1) There was no statistically significant difference in the intervention effects of HIIT and CAT on adolescent body weight and BMI, but there were significant differences in the intervention effects on body fat rate. (2) There was no statistically significant difference in the intervention effects of HIIT and CAT on adolescent VO2max, VO2peak, SBP and DBP, but the overall effect of HIIT on adolescent VO2max, VO2peak and DBP was better than CAT, and the overall effect of CAT on adolescent SBP was better than HIIT. (3) The adolescents were divided into healthy and obese subgroups. In the healthy subgroup, the intervention effect of CAT on body weight, body fat rate, BMI and SBP was better than HIIT, and the intervention effect of HIIT on VO2max and DBP was better than CAT. In the obese subgroup, the intervention effect of HIIT on body weight, body fat rate, BMI, VO2max and DBP was better than CAT. HIIT and CAT had similar intervention effects on SBP in healthy adolescents.
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