教练员服务行为对上海市体校运动员训练投入的影响机理
Research on the Influence Mechanism of Coaches' Service Behavior on Athletes' Training Investment in Shanghai Sports Schools
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20210413
中文关键词:教练员  运动员  服务行为  训练投入  感恩
英文关键词:coach  athletes  service behavior  training input  gratitude
基金项目:上海市体育社会科学研究课题(TYSKYJ201984)
作者单位
刘兵 上海大学 体育学院,上海 200444 
董春华 上海体育学院,上海 200438 
段艳玲 上海体育学院,上海 200438 
邓彩兰 青海民族大学 体育系,青海 西宁 810007 。 
张正祎 上海体育学院,上海 200438 
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中文摘要:
      作为培养优秀运动员队伍的主力军,教练员在体育强国建设的征程中肩负着神圣的使命与责任。以教练员服务行为为自变量,探究其对运动员训练投入的影响机理以及感恩的中介效应,通过问卷星线上对319名上海市业余体校运动员随机展开调查。发现:(1)教练员服务行为、感恩、运动员训练投入呈显著正相关关系;(2)教练员服务行为对运动员训练投入具有显著正向影响;(3)感恩在教练员服务行为和运动员训练投入之间发挥部分中介效应;(4)教练员服务行为4个维度(说服引导、利他主义、智慧启迪和民族责任感)对运动员训练投入均有不同程度的正向预测作用,且相比而言,利他主义更为重要。建议:塑造教练员服务型管理和执教风格,增强运动员训练投入积极性;建立完善的运动员资料档案,激发教练员利他主义行为倾向;加强运动员感恩素质教育,提升感恩认知和行为。
英文摘要:
      As the main force of cultivating excellent athletes, coaches take the sacred mission and responsibility in the process of building a sports nation. Taking coach service behavior as an independent variable, this paper explores the mechanism of coaches' influence on athletes' training investment and the mediating effect of gratitude. A random survey was conducted among 319 athletes in Shanghai amateur sports schools through questionnaire online. The findings are as follows: 1) Coaches' service behavior, gratitude, and athletes' training investment are significantly positively correlated;2) Coaches' service behavior has significant positive influence on athletes' training input;3) Gratitude exerts a partial mediating effect between coaches' service behavior and athletes' training input;4) The four dimensions of coaches' service behavior (persuasion and guidance, altruism, wisdom and enlightenment, and sense of national responsibility) all have different degrees of positive predictive effect on athletes' training investment, and altruism is more important. Research Suggestions: to shape the coach's service-oriented management and coaching style, and enhance the athletes' enthusiasm in training; to establish the complete athlete data file, stimulate the coach altruistic behavior tendency; Strengthen the education of gratitude quality for athletes, and improve the cognition and behavior of gratitude.
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