兴奋剂处罚取消比赛成绩“除非公平另有要求”探讨
Research on Disqualification of All Competition Results in Doping Sanctions "Unless Fairness Requires Otherwise"
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.2022030202
中文关键词:公平  取消比赛成绩  兴奋剂违规  规则例外
英文关键词:fairness  disqualification of results  doping violation  rule exceptions
基金项目:国家体育总局决策咨询研究重点项目(2020-B-05)
作者单位
王凡 苏州大学 王健法学院,江苏 苏州 215006 
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中文摘要:
      通过对2022年北京冬奥会运动员瓦利耶娃案件的思考,对《世界反兴奋剂条例》(WADC)第10.10条规定的兴奋剂处罚取消比赛成绩例外之“除非公平另有要求”条款进行分析,指出该条款即公平原则例外情况在实际应用中存在的争议,即为保证体育运动的纯洁健康发展,对运动员实施取消所有比赛成绩时,必须注重对该例外情况的使用。但该条款的广泛性、模糊性以及赋予仲裁员无限制的自由裁量权,可能直接影响案件审理结果以及运动员的整个运动生涯。基于此,分析了公平原则例外情况在具体案件中的适用因素、存在不足以及相关完善建议。
英文摘要:
      This paper focuses on the clause " Unless fairness requires otherwise" in doping sanctions under Article 10.10 of the World Anti-Doping Code (WADC) through the reflection of the case of the athlete Kamala Valieva, pointing out the controversial application of this clause (the exception to the fairness principle) in practice, i.e., in order to ensure the clean and healthy development of sport, it is important to focus on the use of this exception when imposing the disqualification of all results on athletes. However, due to the broad and vague nature of this provision and the unlimited discretion given to arbitrators, it may directly affect the outcome of the case and the entire life of the athlete. Therefore, the study analyzes the factors affecting the application of this exception in specific cases, the shortcomings and the related suggestions for further improvement.
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