国际体育科学“performance”全貌探析
The Whole Elephant of "Performance" in World Sport Science
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.2022033001
中文关键词:体育科学  表现  文献计量
英文关键词:sport science  performance  bibliometrics
基金项目:
作者单位
殷明越 上海体育学院 体育教育学院,上海 200438 四川农业大学 体育学院,四川 雅安 625014 
黎涌明 上海体育学院 体育教育学院,上海 200438 
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中文摘要:
      为系统梳理国际体育科学领域“performance”的概念、学科与热点,以“Web of ScienceTM”数据库2000—2021年47 546篇相关文献为数据来源,采用Citespace、Vosviewer等工具进行文献计量分析。结果表明:(1)“performance”研究对象是“运动中的人”,研究内容主要为运动员竞技表现提升、非运动员的健康促进和运动员/非运动员的损伤康复等;(2)“performance”相关研究围绕“运动中人的表现”,涉及生理学视角下运动与训练,生物力学和康复学视角下损伤与康复,心理学视角下技能学习、运动表现和健康促进,力量和爆发力训练,团队项目体能和技战术表现与分析5个领域;(3)广义的“performance”涉及竞技表现、健康促进和损伤康复3个领域,狭义的“performance”专指竞技表现。
英文摘要:
      This study aims to systematically summarize the concept, categrorise and hot spots of "performance" in the field of international sport science. 47 546 related literatures in the "Web of ScienceTM" database from 2000 to 2021 were used as data sources. Citespace, Vosviewer and other tools were used for bibliometric analysis. The results show that: (1) The research object of "performance" is "human in sports", and the research contents mainly include the improvement of competitive performance of athletes, health promotion of non-athletes and injury rehabilitation of athletes/non-athletes, etc; (2) "Performance" related researches focus on "human performance in sport", involving six fields: sport and training from the perspective of physiology, injury and rehabilitation from the perspective of biomechanics and rehabilitation, skill learning from the perspective of psychology, sports performance and health promotion, strength and power traning, physical fitness and technical and tactical performance and analysis in team events; (3) In the broad sense, "performance" involves the three fields of competitive performance, health promotion and injury rehabilitation, while in the narrow sense, "performance" refers exclusively to competitive performance.
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