太极运动对健康老年人群运动功能影响的META分析
The Effects of Tai Chi Exercise on Motor Functions in the Elderly: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.2021050801
中文关键词:太极  老年人群  运动功能  荟萃分析
英文关键词:Tai Chi  elderly  motor function  meta-analysis
基金项目:江苏省体育局重大体育科研课题(ST192101);江苏省产学研合作项目(BY2019022)
作者单位
王岑依 苏州大学体育学院,江苏 苏州 215021 
焦欣荣 广西中医药大学 赛恩斯新医药学院,广西 南宁 530222 
任园园 苏州大学体育学院,江苏 苏州 215021 
陆阿明 苏州大学体育学院,江苏 苏州 215021 
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中文摘要:
      目的:系统评价太极运动对健康老年人运动表现、平衡、肌力等运动功能的影响。方法:检索国内外医学数据库文献,收集相关的随机对照实验(RCTs),按照改良Jadad方法评价纳入研究的质量,采用RevMan5.3软件进行Meta分析。结果:共纳入20篇临床实验,共4 455例老年人。结果:太极运动组在起立行走测试(TUG)(MD=2.62,95%CI[-4.00,1.24],P<0.000 01)、5次“坐-站”试验(5tSS)(MD=-1.74,95%CI[-2.77,-0.70],P=0.001)、30 s坐站测试(30 sCST)(MD=4.02,95%CI[-0.20,8.24],P=0.06)、Berg平衡量表评分(BBS)(MD=1.41,95%CI[-0.06,2.87],P=0.06)、功能性前伸试验(FRT)(MD=2.16,95%CI[0.94,3.38],P=0.000 5)、闭眼单腿站立时间(MD=3.18,95%CI[0.70,5.67],P=0.01)、睁眼单腿站立时间(MD=10.08,95%CI[4.62,-15.55],P=0.000 3)等指标结果均优于对照组;太级干预组相比对照组在提高手握力(SMD=0.46,95%CI[0.00,0.93],P=0.05)、提升髋关节屈曲肌力(SMD=0.58,95%CI[0.25,0.92],P=0.000 7)、增强膝关节伸展肌力(SMD=0.55,95%CI[0.25,0.85],P=0.000 3)、提升踝关节背屈肌力(SMD=0.64,95%CI[0.16,1.13],P=0.009)等指标上可能具有优势效应。结论:现阶段的临床证据表明,太极运动能有效提高健康老年人的运功表现、平衡能力和肌力等相关运动功能。受纳入研究数量和质量限制,上述结论尚待更多高质量研究予以验证。
英文摘要:
      To systematically evaluate the effects of Tai Chi exercise on physical performance, balance, muscle strength and other motor functions in the healthy elders. Methods: The domestic and international medical databases were electronically searched to collect randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The quality of the included studies was evaluated according to the modified Jadad method. Then meta-analysis was performed by using RevMan5.3 software. Results: A total of 20 clinical trials with 4 455 old people were included. The results of Meta-analysis showed that the Tai Chi group was superior to the control group in the TUG test (Times up and go, TUG)(MD=2.62, 95%CI[-4.00,1.24], P<0.000 01), 5tSS(Five Times Sit-to-Stand Test, 5tSS) (MD=-1.74, 95%CI [-2.77, -0.70], P=0.001), 30 sCST(30 s chairs test, 30 s CST) MD=(4.02, 95%CI[-0.20,8.24], P=0.06), BBS(Berg balance scale, BBS)(MD=1.41, 95% CI [-0.06,2.87], P=0.06), FRT(Functional reach test, FRT)(MD=2.16, 95%CI[0.94,3.38], P=0.000 5), Eyes-closed SLS(Single-leg standing test, SLS)(MD=3.18, 95%CI[0.70,5.67], P=0.01), and eyes-open SLS (MD=10.08, 95%CI[4.62,15.55], P=0.000 3); Compared with the control group, the Tai Chi intervention group might have more advantageous effect in improving handgrip strength(SMD=0.46, 95%CI[0.00,0.93], P=0.05), hip flexor strength(SMD=0.58, 95%CI[0.25,0.92], P=0.000 7), knee extensor strength(SMD=0.55, 95%CI[0.25,0.85], P=0.000 3), and ankle dorsiflexion strength(SMD=0.64, 95%CI[0.16,1.13], P=0.009). Conclusion: The current clinical evidence suggests that Tai Chi exercise is effective in improving motor functions such as physical performance, balance and muscle strength in the healthy elders. Due to the limitation of the quantity and quality of the included studies, the above conclusions need to be validated by more high-quality studies.
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