基于新型数学模型的国际足联2018年俄罗斯世界杯运动员跑动特征研究
Study on the Match Running Characteristics of Players in 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia
投稿时间:2019-06-17  
DOI:
中文关键词:足球  世界杯  跑动  比赛表现  数据级数推断
英文关键词:Soccer  FIFA World Cup  match running  match performance  magnitude-based inference
基金项目:广东省普通高校青年创新人才项目(2016WQNCX015),华南师范大学青年教师科研培育基金项目(16SK07)
作者单位E-mail
刘鸿优 华南师范大学 体育科学学院
华南师范大学 运动科学国家级实验教学示范中心 
442688299@qq.com 
王垒 School of Physical Education & Sports Science, South China Normal University  
黄国虎 School of Physical Education & Sports Science, South China Normal University  
张恒亮 School of Physical Education & Sports Science, South China Normal University  
毛万丽 School of Physical Education & Sports Science, South China Normal University  
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中文摘要:
      采取数据级数推断与广义混合线性模型的统计方法,对2018年俄罗斯世界杯正赛阶段381名非门将位置足球运动员在829次打满全场的比赛中的跑动特征进行量化分析。结果显示:(1)在本届世界杯中,所有外场球员场均跑动距离(9 872±956) m,其中,高强度跑动(速度>20 km/h)距离约占7.2%,场均高强度跑动次数(31±11)次;(2)中场球员的场均跑动距离最多(10 608±759) m,其次是前锋球员(9 622±900) m,最少的是后卫球员(9 484±807) m,其中,前锋球员完成最多的冲刺跑动[速度>25 km/h,(259±113) m]和慢跑[速度<7 km/h,(3 827±324) m],中场球员完成最多的是低速跑[速度7~15 km/h,(4 705±685) m]和中速跑[速度15~20 km/h,(1 596±333) m];(3)本届世界杯中,所有球员上、下半场的跑动距离[(4 940±507) m 与(4 933±516) m]、最大跑动速度[(27.5±2.7) km/h与(27.5±2.5) km/h]、高强度跑动次数[(15.5±6.2)次与(15.1±6.0)次] 都只体现出极其可能的微小无意义变化(ES=-0.04、-0.06、-0.03,可能性皆大于99.5%),而下半场的慢跑距离(1 917±186) m相对于上半场的慢跑距离(1 771±176) m,则出现了极其可能的中等程度的升高(ES=0.82,可能性大于99.5%)。
英文摘要:
      Magnitude-based inferences and generalized linear mixed modelling were employed to analyze the 829 match-running performances of 381 players participating in the 2018 Russian FIFA World Cup. Results showed that: (1) Average total distance per match covered by players was (9 872±956) m, of which high-intensity-running distance took 7.2%, average high-intensity-running efforts were (31±11) times per match; (2) Midfield players covered the most distance (10 608±759) m, followed by forwards (9 622±900) m, defenders came the last (9 484±807) m. Forwards achieved the most sprints (259±113) m and jogging (3 827±324) m, midfielders did the most low-speed-running (4 705±685) m and moderate-speed running (1 596±333) m; (3) The total distance covered [(4 940±507) m vs (4933±516) m], maximum velocity [(27.5±2.7) km/h vs (27.5±2.5) km/h], high-intensity-running efforts [(15.5±6.2) times vs (15.1±6.0) times] showed trivial changes in the second half comparing to the first (ES=-0.04, -0.06, -0.03 respectively, likelihood > 99.5%), while the jogging distance in the second half (1 917±186) m showed a moderate increase (ES=0.82, likelihood > 99.5%) comparing to the first (1 771±176) m.
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