3~6岁幼儿气质类型与粗大动作发展研究
A Study on Temperament Types and Gross Motor Development of 3-6-year-old Children
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.20200514
中文关键词:幼儿  气质类型  粗大动作发展  相关性
英文关键词:children  temperament type  gross motor development  correlation
基金项目:苏州大学大学生课外学术科研基金资助项目(KY2019793B)。
作者单位
任园园 苏州大学 体育学院江苏 苏州 215006 。 
刘 丹 苏州大学 体育学院江苏 苏州 215006 。 
莫 瑶 苏州大学 体育学院江苏 苏州 215006 。 
马静娴 苏州大学 体育学院江苏 苏州 215006 。 
赵双迎 苏州大学 体育学院江苏 苏州 215006 。 
陆阿明 苏州大学 体育学院江苏 苏州 215006 。 
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中文摘要:
      通过对100名幼儿进行气质类型和粗大动作发展水平测试,探讨3~6岁幼儿的气质类型与粗大动作发展特征及其相互关系。结果:(1)气质偏积极型的幼儿在粗大动作发展较好水平组的分布率较高,气质偏消极型的幼儿在粗大动作发展较差水平组的发生率较高;(2)两种气质类型幼儿在操作动作得分中存在差异,气质偏积极型幼儿的操作动作得分高于气质偏消极型的幼儿;(3)幼儿气质维度得分与粗大动作得分之间存在相关性,且此相关性在男、女幼儿中有显著性差异。结论:(1)气质偏积极型幼儿的操作动作发展好于气质偏消极型的幼儿;(2)幼儿气质维度与粗大动作发展水平之间存在相关性,且此相关关系具有性别差异。
英文摘要:
      Through the test of temperament type and gross motor development level of one hundred children, explore the characteristics and relationship between gross motor development and different temperament types among children aged 3-6. Results: (1) Children with positive temperament had a higher incidence in the group with better development of gross movements, while children with negative temperament had a higher incidence in the group with poorer development of gross movements. (2) There were differences between the two temperament types of children in the object control motor scores. The children with positive temperament scored higher in object control motor skill than the children with negative temperament. (3) There was a correlation between children's temperament dimension score and gross motor score. And such correlation was significantly different between boys and girls. Conclusion: (1)The object control motor development of children with positive temperament is better than those with negative temperament. (2)There is a correlation between children's temperament dimension and gross motor development, and the correlation is gender-specific.
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