《ACSM运动测试与运动处方指南》的过去、现在与未来
The Past, Present and Future of ACSM's Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescrition ZHU Weimo
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.2022081701
中文关键词:运动是良药  运动处方  运动医学  运动与健康  历史发展
英文关键词:Exercise is Medicine  exercise prescription  exercise medicine  exercise and health  his torical development
基金项目:
作者单位
朱为模 美国伊利诺伊大学,伊利诺伊州 61801,美国 
摘要点击次数: 2017
全文下载次数: 2048
中文摘要:
      《ACSM运动测试与运动处方指南》(简称《ACSM指南》)经过近半个世纪、11版的更新一跃成为全球运动健康界的“圣经”之一。通过对《ACSM指南》过去(第一至第五版)和现在(第六至第十一版)从版面、作者团队、内容的变化和相应的历史大事记的回顾对《ACSM指南》的发展进行系统介绍,并在此基础上揭示《ACSM指南》一路走来的4个成功秘诀。通过对运动健康未来发展的变化和需求,预测指南未来可能面临的“四化”和急需改进的2个方面,并对《ACSM指南》未来的发展进行展望。《ACSM指南》的不断完善,一定会给中国的体育专业人员和大众锻炼人群带来更及时的科学健身指导意见,为中国体育科研工作者在科学运动指导上积累经验、形成共识作出贡献,为建立具有中国特色的《运动指南》助力。
英文摘要:
      After nearly half a century and 11 editions of updates , ACSM's Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescrition has beccome one of the "Bibles" of exercise and health in the world. By reviewing the past (1st ed. to 5th ed.), and present (6th ed. to 11th ed.) of the Guidelines, including its formats, author teams, content changes and corresponding historical events, this study aimed to provide an overview of the development of the Guidelines, and thus to reveal the four key factors that made the Guidelines successful. Finally, by outlining the future needs and changes of physical activity and health, the study predicted the possible changes in four areas and two improvements yet to be made in the Guidelines, and presented the future development of the Guidelines. It is believed that the coming changes will surely guide Chinese sport and exercise science researchers in their research and practice and help them eventually develop the guidelines with Chinese characteristics.
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