我国电竞联盟纪律处罚的现实问题及完善路径
Problems and Solutions of Disciplinary Punishment in E-Sports League in China
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.2022010702
中文关键词:电子竞技  电竞联盟  纪律处罚  集体谈判
英文关键词:e-sports  e-sports league  industry punishment  collective bargaining
基金项目:
作者单位
于鸿贤 武汉大学 法学院,湖北 武汉 430072 
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中文摘要:
      赛事公司是电竞联盟的发起者和管理者,以自身游戏版权为管理权基础,通过制定和行使纪律处罚,维护电竞联盟内部基本秩序。但由于对制度本身的正当性与合法性缺乏思考,以赛事公司为主导的电竞联盟在实施纪律处罚时,出现了滥用规则修改权、处罚程序不正当、被处罚者救济无门等问题。这一切根源于电竞联盟内部出现了权力滥用,导致电竞联盟与管理对象出现了权利义务关系的失衡。基于此,通过厘定电竞联盟纪律处罚权的权利性质,分析纪律处罚在实际适用中的具体问题,提出针对性建议。具体来说:完善电竞行业纪律处罚,应当建立电竞联盟集体谈判制度,构建民主的联盟治理模式;在规则制定层面,坚持民主的制定程序,引领联盟内部多方主体参与规则制定;完善联盟内部上诉仲裁,以及衔接独立的外部仲裁等方式,为选手的上诉权提供制度保障。
英文摘要:
      The event company is the initiator and manager of the e-sports league. Based on its own game copyrights, it maintains the basic internal order of the e-sports league by formulating and exercising disciplinary penalties. However, due to the lack of consideration about the legitimacy and legality of the system itself, the e-sports league led by the competition company has encountered problems such as abuse of the right to amend the rules, improper punishment procedures, and no relief for the punished when implementing disciplinary punishments. All of this is rooted in the abuse of power within the e-sports league, resulting in an imbalance of rights and obligations between the e-sports league and its management objects. Therefore, the author put forward corresponding suggestions by clarifying the nature of the right to define the disciplinary punishment power of the e-sports league, and analyzing the specific problems in the actual application of disciplinary punishment. Specifically, to improve the discipline and punishment of the e-sports industry, we should establish a collective bargaining system for the e-sports alliance and build a democratic alliance governance model; at the rule-making level, we should adhere to democratic formulation procedures and lead multiple parties within the alliance to participate in rule-making; and finally, we should improve the alliance internal appeal arbitration, as well as the connection of independent external arbitration, so as to provide institutional guarantee for players′ right to appeal.
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