基于步频控制的步行锻炼对原发性高血压患者自感健康状态的影响
The Influence of Walking Exercise Based on Cadence Control on Self-perceived Health Status of Patients with Essential Hypertension
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.2022042001
中文关键词:步频控制  高血压  自感健康  运动强度  老年人
英文关键词:cadence control  hypertension  feeling healthy  exercise intensity  elderly
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究青年(18YJC890033)
作者单位
沈志强 上海师范大学 体育学院,上海 201418 
随晓筱 上海市闵行区教育学院,上海 200241 
杨文立 上海民航职业技术学院,上海 200232 
随曾辉 上海燎原双语学校,上海 201102 
孙鸿 东平县青峰山实验学校,山东 泰安 271500 
李合 上海师范大学 体育学院,上海 201418 
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中文摘要:
      目的:探讨基于步频控制的12周步行锻炼对老年原发性高血压患者自感健康状态的影响,为推广高血压人群运动处方提供客观支持。方法:将符合招募要求的老年原发性高血压患者随机分为运动干预组和对照组,干预前后测试安静血压、体脂率及躯体健康[生理机能(PF),生理职能(RP),躯体疼痛(BP),一般健康状况(GH)]和心理健康[活力(VT),社会功能(SF),精神健康(MH),情感职能(RE)]等指标,并对结果进行数据处理分析。结果:运动干预后,运动干预组的体脂率和收缩压显著下降(P<0.05),每日步行总量显著性提高(P<0.05);运动干预组的PF、RP、BP、GH及躯体健康总测量(PCS)得分明显高于对照组(P<0.05);运动干预组的VT、SF、MH、RE及心理健康总测量(MCS)得分明显高于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:12周基于步频控制的步行锻炼,有效降低了老年原发性高血压患者的体脂率和收缩压,进而降低了罹患心血管疾病的风险,同时提高了老年原发性高血压患者的躯体健康和心理健康多个维度的自感健康状态。
英文摘要:
      The paper aims to investigate the effect of 12-week walking exercise based on cadence control on self-perceived health status of elderly patients with essential hypertension. It can provide objective support for the promotion of exercise prescription for hypertension. Elderly patients with essential hypertension who met the recruitment requirements were randomly divided into exercise intervention group and control group. Before and after intervention, resting blood pressure, body fat rate and physical health (Physical Functioning, PF; Role Physical, RP; Bodily Pain, BP; General Health, GH) and mental health (Validity, VT; Social Function, SF; Mental Health, MH; Role Emotional, RE) and other indicators, and perform data processing and analysis on the results. After exercise intervention, the body fat rate and systolic blood pressure of the exercise intervention group decreased significantly (P<0.05), and the total daily walking was significantly increased (P<0.05). The PF, RP, BP, GH and PCS (Physical Component Summary, PCS) scores of the exercise intervention group were significantly higher than those of the control group (P<0.05). The energy VT, SF, MH, RE and MCS (Mental Component Summary, MCS) scores of the exercise intervention group were significantly higher than those of the control group (P<0.05). In conclusion, 12-week walking exercise based on cadence control can effectively reduce body fat rate and systolic blood pressure in elderly patients with essential hypertension, thereby reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease, and at the same time improving elderly patients with essential hypertension′ self- perceived health status in multiple dimensions of physical and mental health.
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