管辖权问题抑或可受理性问题?——CAS上诉仲裁中的可仲裁性、可上诉决定与上诉期限
Jurisdictional Issue or Admissibility Issue? Arbitrability, Appellate Decision, and Time Limit of Appeal in CAS Appellate Arbitration
投稿时间:2023-07-01  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.2023070102
中文关键词:国际体育上诉仲裁  管辖权问题  可受理性问题  可仲裁性  可上诉决定  上诉期限
英文关键词:International Sports Appellate Arbitration  jurisdictional issues  admissibility issues  Arbitrability  Appellate Decisions  Time Limit of Appeal
基金项目:国家社会科学基金青年项目(20CTY010)
作者单位
李蓉倩 湘潭大学 法学院湖南 湘潭 411105 
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中文摘要:
      管辖权和可受理性是国际体育仲裁院(CAS)体育仲裁中无法回避的程序性问题。管辖权涉及CAS仲裁庭是否具有审理案件的权力,可受理性涉及CAS仲裁庭是否合适审理案件。而CAS体育上诉仲裁中可仲裁性、可上诉决定和上诉期限3个问题,是属于管辖权还是可受理性问题一直存在争议。通过分析这些具体程序性事项的内涵、性质,考察CAS、瑞士联邦最高法院的相关判例,认为:如果上诉案件不具有可仲裁性,仅会导致CAS失去对案件的管辖权,并不影响其他法院或者仲裁机构对案件享有的管辖权;当事人可以在仲裁庭作出不可受理的裁决后,对未用尽内部救济的缺陷进行补救,随后继续向CAS提请上诉,用尽内部救济和可上诉决定的存在都与案件的实质性要素有关;如果将时限问题认定为管辖权问题,在违反了时限规定的情况下仍可向其他法院提起上诉,这不符合双方利益保护。由此得出:可仲裁性问题是管辖权问题,可上诉决定和上诉期限均为可受理性问题。
英文摘要:
      Jurisdiction and admissibility are unavoidable procedural issues in sports arbitration by the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS). Jurisdiction relates to whether the CAS Tribunal has the right to hear the case, and admissibility relates to whether the CAS Tribunal is suitable to hear the case. There has always been controversy over whether the three issues of arbitrability, appellate decision and time limit for appeal in CAS sports appeal arbitration belong to jurisdictional or admissibility issues. By analyzing the implication and nature of these specific procedural issues, and examining the relevant jurisprudence of CAS and the Swiss Federal Supreme Court, the study put forward the following ideas for consideration: If the appeal case is not arbitrable, it will only cause CAS to lose jurisdiction over the case and will not affect the jurisdiction of other courts or arbitration institutions over the case; The parties may remedy the defect of non-exhaustion of internal remedies after the arbitral tribunal has rendered an inadmissible award and subsequently proceed to appeal to CAS, and the existence of exhaustion of internal remedies and an appealable decision is relevant to the substantive elements of the case; If the issue of time limits is recognized as a matter of jurisdiction, it is not in the interests of both parties to appeal to other courts in the event of a violation of the time limit. Therefore it can be concluded that the issue of arbitrability is a matter of jurisdiction, and that both the appellate decision and the time limit for appeal are issues of admissibility.
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